Root canals are common procedures and can help save your tooth from extraction.
Root canal treatment is done when decay will likely damage or has already killed a tooth.
What is root canal treatment?
The primary objective of dentistry is to keep teeth in the mouth to maintain masticatory (chewing) functions of patient. The dental pulp may be inflated by various causes, or infected by invasion of microorganisms. In this case, the dental pulp tissue has to be removed to clean and shape the canal space and fill with the tissue-friendly filling materials. All these steps are defined as root canal treatment.
The endodontics is a discipline of science dealing with root canal treatment in particular. The root canal treatment is often the most feared treatment among procedures of dental treatment. The root canal treatment can be performed without pain and more quickly thanks to currently developed technological instruments. The root canal treatment lasts in one visit for vital teeth and usually in two visits for non-vital teeth.
WHAT IS THE LIFE OF A TOOTH UNDERGOING ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?
None of the dentures can exactly replace a natural tooth. It is more important for oral health to perform root canal treatment on an inflamed tooth and restore it properly instead of removing that tooth and inserting an implant or dental bridgework in place. The teeth undergoing root canal treatment stay in the mouth for long years and help maintenance of chewing functions and aesthetics. A tooth with good root canal treatment can be used for entire life with proper oral and dental care.
Factors affecting long-life of a tooth treated with root canal:
The root canal treatment must be performed by a dentist specialized in root canal.
The tooth treated with root canal must be veneered to prevent any leak.
Individuals must care for their teeth after root canal treatment and should not eat too hard food. Although this is required for all the teeth, a special care is needed for a tooth treated with root canal and veneered.
WHAT ARE THE OPTIONS OF RESTORATION AFTER ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?
Canal Fill Fiber Post: Sometimes support from the tooth root to securely hold the restoration in place for the teeth with crown highly damaged. This procedures can be completed within 15-20 minutes with “fiber-post” that can transmit the light developed as a result of advanced technology. This procedure requires precise technique and gives very successful results when performed with proper equipment and correct techniques..
ARE ANY OTHER PROCEDURES NEEDED AFTER ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?
The success rate is around 90%-95% for root canal treatment performed well. However, the root canal may become infected again if bacteria get into the canal due to a tooth recently decayed subject to oral hygiene of patient or due to fracture of the tooth filling.
WOULD I HAVE PAIN AFTER ROOT CANAL TREATMENT?
The root canal treatment is often completed in 1-2 visits depending on the problem with teeth. It is normal for a patient to feel discomfort with the treated tooth for the first 2-3 days after treatment. The patient may use analgesics in accordance with recommendations of dentist. In some cases, it may be necessary to use antibiotics in support of the therapy. The patient may return to daily life after treatment but should not eat anything before numbness of tooth and operative site is relieved. In addition, patients should avoid chewing hard food before upper restoration of teeth is completed.
HOW IS PULP TISSUE INFLAMED OR INFECTED?
Another factor damaging the pulp is a tooth suffering from trauma. A severe impact on the tooth may stop the blood circulation and the pulp tissue losses vitality in time as a result. Again, the chronic trauma suffered by tooth (high restoration, trauma associated with grinding and clenching of teeth) may cause inflammation of pulp or loss of vitality.
Another factor threatening the pulp is presence of periodontal (gum and its surrounding) diseases around the tooth that have not been treated for a long time. The bacteria may cause damage to the dental pulp through tiny side canals to the root surface via gingival pocket.
Bacteria are the major factor for development of diseases of pulp. Every one of se has bacteria in our mouths and they don’t cause harm in normal conditions. However, the acid generated by bacteria colonized on the tooth surface that cannot be cleaned damages the enamel and dentine, resulting in decayed tooth. If such decayed tooth is untreated, bacteria move to the pulp tissue underneath the dentin and cause inflammation of pulp.
HOW DO I RECOGNIZE AN INFECTED TOOTH?
If you have pain and sensitivity induced by any external stimulus such as cold, hot and chewing, or if you have a spontaneous pain for no reason, it is likely for you to have inflammation or onset of inflammation. Furthermore, excessive discoloration of teeth may be a sign of inflammation. The infection extends from the root end to the jawbone and results in small or large facial swelling in cases of teeth where decay reaches to pulp but cannot be treated.